235764916 CJA 394 Week 1 Criminal Justice Review Paper SAMPLE page just

Select among the following problems:

• Racial profiling

• Prison overcrowding

• The war on medicines

• Elevated use of technology

• Cultural diversity

Create a 1, 050- to 1, 705-word paper responding to how your selected issue affects the criminal proper rights system overall. • Describe some of the change(s) the legal justice program as a whole has turned in response to the issue you selected. • Include your view on whether the changes happen to be sufficient. Should more alterations be made, of course, if so , what changes? � Format your paper in line with APA suggestions.

Prison Overcrowding

CJA/394

Jail Overcrowding

One of the best challenges currently facing the American felony justice system is overcrowding. America has the most significant prison inhabitants in the world with over two million inmates which have triggered major problems in real estate the many inmates. The many issues being experienced by the correctional system consist of insufficient prison beds to get inmates and lack of jail space and inadequate financing, and solutions. The causes intended for the extreme overcrowding have been blamed on retributive sentencing rules, new laws, the War on Drugs, plus the criminalization from the juvenile arrest. The rise in the sentenced population in the usa shows that the number of persons sentenced to examen, parole, penitentiary, and jail has risen to record amounts, although there has become slowing penitentiary growth as 2006. This leveling-off nonetheless results in record prison populations, but the charge at which offenders are sentenced to prison is weak slightly, mainly due to the condition budget problems and also serious prison overcrowding in many spots (Albanese, 2013). The increase in prison masse is a direct result of a rise in the likelihood of offenders' being delivered to prison; likewise, new incarcerations are occurring faster than releases from prison. The interest rate of acces into point out prisons (per one hundred prisoners) was fifty five percent; the discharge rate was 31 percent. This difference of almost 25 percent has become a major reason for prison overcrowding, although latest trends present that declares are working to minimize this distance between fresh incarcerations and releases from prison. Jail crowding likewise reflects the decline of indeterminate sentencing and the shrinking power of parole boards in setting genuine sentence measures, the corresponding rise in determinate sentencing and truth-in-sentencing laws which limit early release coming from prison (Albanese, 2013).

Prison overcrowding in American began to increase throughout the 1960's after the new offense policy known as the " Battle with Drugs” policy was initiated by the authorities (Richardson, 2004). The war on drugs policy was created following the large enhance of medication flooding in to the country after prohibition. The brand new get hard on offense policy needed prison offenders to serve harsher content if they are trapped dealing in medicines. This included minor drug offenders and individuals believed to be involved in a conspiracy to sell or spread drugs. As a result prison started to be overcrowded with drug offenders while chaotic offenders offered lighter sentences than the drug offender. Instead of providing the drug offender with substance abuse treatment that would aid the offender in overcoming their addiction to medicines the arrest is ultimately released via prison just to commit another drug criminal offense which countries them back into the currently overcrowded criminal system. The ready availability of drugs in prison just expounds the problem because offenders that are not hooked on drugs whenever they arrive at penitentiary and then they leave prison which has a drug dependency and no assets to conquer this addiction. The Battle with Drugs or new obtain tough on crime plan also improved the healing policy that was created when the prison system was reformed during the Accelerating Era. The original intent of the correctional department was to change the attitude, behavior, and...

References: Albanese, L. S. (2013). Criminal Rights (5th male impotence. ). Higher Saddle Water, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Richardson, H. (2004). What Causes Overcrowding in Prisons and Prisons? Retrieved Oct 28,

2011 coming from www.ct.gov/opm/lib/opm/.../whatiscausingprisonovercrowding.pdf

Savage, D. (2011). U. S. Supreme Court docket Orders Massive Inmate Discharge to Relieve Washington dc 's

Crowded Prisons. Retrieved Oct 28, 2011 from

http://articles.latimes.com/2011/may/24/local/la-me-court-prisons-20110524

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