п»їDiscuss some of the issues surrounding the classification and diagnosis of schizophrenia В
Classification systems happen to be needed for the goal of treatment and research. It is also comforting to and specific and their relatives to be able to determine what their particular problem is and provide it a name. Any kind of classification system relies on the symptoms a person display. However , symptoms usually cluster together, so many classification devices of mental disorder concentrate on syndromes (i. e. clusters of symptoms that often occur together). However there is not always a great fit between your symptoms an individual displays those identified for a diagnostic category, such as schizophrenia. В
The 2 systems at present used to sort out psychological furor are the Worldwide Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the Analysis and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). В
For a classification system to be meaningful and useful, it requires to be valid and dependable. Reliability identifies the uniformity of a measuring instrument, such as a questionnaire or perhaps scale to evaluate, for example , the severity of their schizophrenic symptoms. Reliability of such forms or weighing scales can be scored in terms of if two impartial clinicians give similar diagnoses (this is referred to as inter-rate reliability) or if the diagnoses happen to be consistent after some time (this is recognized as test-retest reliability). В
Quality refers to the extent that diagnosis symbolizes something that is definitely real and distinct from all other disorders plus the extent that the classification program such as ICD or DSM measures what it claims to measure. One particular problem is that of differential analysis where physicians find it difficult to identify schizophrenia from those of additional psychiatric illnesses presenting related symptoms. Co-morbidity refers to the extent that two or more conditions co-occur and psychiatric co-morbidities are common among schizophrenia patients- these including substance...