There are four main methods of knowing – reason, belief, language and emotion. Nevertheless each one of these people have their own strengths and weaknesses and later by knowing them is going to we manage to better employ these means of knowing to get knowledge. This essay is going to seek to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a method of being aware of.
Explanation is often seen as one of the most effective ways of understanding – for it ‘seems to offer us certainty' (Lagemaat, 112). Reason uses logic to create arguments and conclusions. A benefit of reason using logic in reason is that this allows all of us access to natural or a priori knowledge – knowledge all of us cannot access any other method. One definition of A priori understanding is innate knowledge that is usually not based on experience but instead, are general rules we apply. (Cahn, Eckert, Buckley). There are several different forms that reason requires but these are mostly inductive and deductive reasoning – which will be discussed afterwards in the composition.
A significant strength of reason as a means of understanding is that the information we collect from using it can be certain. This is certainly a great strength because we could provided with a very good prediction unit that we can build understanding upon, hence providing us with info that we can believe being true.
We look to how this is certainly applied in an area of knowledge the organic sciences. Take for instance the concept of neutralization reactions in Chemistry. In theory we know that basics would react with a great acid to create salt and water – a speculation that, up till this point, has been proven to be true – to form a sodium and drinking water. If we will be presented with the subsequent argument:
All angles react with acids to create salt and water.
Unfamiliar sample Back button reacted with an chemical p and formed salt and water. We can conclude that unknown test X is a base.
We employed deductive reasoning to arrive at the final outcome above. Deductive reasoning delivers us using a conclusion that is absolutely certain. The way in which deduction functions is that we go coming from general property to a certain conclusion (Langemaat, 234). Like the example over, so far we certainly have seen that all acid-base reactions produce drinking water and sodium thus we feel sample Back button is a basic as well. Now in time, there is not any dispute outlawed of the acid-base reaction and this will remain a law of chemistry. This certainty reason provides is an extremely important power as this kind of shows that purpose allows us to produce strong footings that can be widened upon.
However with this kind of certainty that reason gives, it has it is weaknesses as well. The initial weakness of reason as a means of learning is that it can be limited. When we appreciate that unfamiliar sample Back button is a bottom, this is all we know from it. This is where the weakness of deductive reason lies, it provides us with an extremely certain conclusion so that we can build upon the foundations which have been set nevertheless at the same time, our company is limiting each of our knowledge in order to this little scope. Also, the certainty of the conclusion depends on the truth in the premises. Just how can we prove that these building are the case? We believe the premises will be true because they have not really been renounced as of yet. Even so if we were holding in fact incorrect, our conclusion would be bogus as well resulting in a completely bogus argument.
From this we can see that while reason can provide all of us with very certain a conclusion, it restrictions us to building understanding upon a certain foundation as well as the truth in the conclusion is based on the truth with the premises.
The next strength of reason helps all of us generate laws and regulations to explain abstract concepts and gain this kind of knowledge in areas which our senses are unable to reach. This can be a very important durability of purpose as it shows how detached reason is usually from the scientific and perception perception. Functioning to the natural sciences once more - the idea of temporary dipole attraction between diatomic molecules. If we have the following argument:
My spouse and i, Br and Cl kind temporary dipoles
My spouse and i, Br and Cl are group VII...
Cited: Cahn, Steven M., Maureen Eckert, and Robert Buckley. Knowledge and Actuality: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Upper Saddle River, NJ-NEW JERSEY: Pearson/Prentice Corridor, 2004. Print.
Alchin, Nicholas. Theory of Knowledge. London: John Murray, 2003. Print out.
Lagemaat, Richard Van Sobre. Theory of Knowledge for the IB Degree or diploma. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, june 2006. Print.