The American Industrial Innovation VIDEO REMARKS Essay

The American Industrial Innovation (VIDEO NOTES)

Railroads

1870- Geographically remote

1865 railways didn't reach west of Mississippi riv

1850 transcontinental railroad authorized

1861 - Central pacific and Union Pacific constructed rails getting together with in Sacramento and Omaha Immigrant employees

Irish

South African

Oriental

Civil battle soldiers

1869 met for promontory point, Utah

Effect of the Railway Industry

Coal demand three-way,

Steel sector evolved

Chilled freight car gave beginning to beef packing

Feed, lumber companies exploded due to improvement of transport Progress Railways

1870 57000 a long way

1890 167, 000 mls

Due to the advancement air break and sleeping cars built travel better and less dangerous for travel around

Stainlesss steel

The producing of metallic was costly

1859

William Kelly and Holly Bessemer method to make metal cheaply by injecting air into the molten metal 1870-7, 000 tons

1900 -11. 4 , 000, 000 tons

KEY STEEL JUNKER - TOBY CARNEIGIE

Pittsburgh -- steel cap of the world

Olive oil industry

Discovered in 1859 in Philadelphia

At first not a vast amount of use:

Greasing wagon rims

Nostrums ( false medicine)

A Yale professor learned it can be sophisticated into

Gasoline

Kerosene

Distillate- used to generate new chemicals

MAIN OLIVE OIL BARON David D ROCKEFELLOR

Standard Petrol controlled the flow of oil via producers to consumers. Petrol field -> Long length pipe lines -> Retail outlets

By 1880 owned the major refineries in:

New York city

Pittsburg,

Cleveland,

Philadelphia

Standard olive oil trust

41 corporations

90% of the world oil trade

Dissolved in 1892 as a result of antitrust violations

US PATENTS (US INVENTIVENESS)

Inventions twenty-five, 000 annually

Typewriter

Adding Machine

Cash register

Phone

Brownie camera

Elevator

Jones A. Edison Inventions

phonograph

Mimeograph

Lamp (refined the filament to create it easy for everyday use) Dictaphone

better film projectors

storage battery packs

Minor technology every 10 days, a major advent every six months time

AGRICULTURE

Changed from manual to mechanised

1870

Thresher

Reaper

Combine

Steel plow

Expanded Western

HomeStead Act of 1862 25 money per desagradable live on or farm the land intended for 5 years for a one hundred sixty acre

5000 wagons monthly but farming was tough due to rare rainfall and arid weather condition Dry farming was developed. Whole wheat was well suited for this

PROBLEMS:

Locust

High temperature

Duststorms

Courant

1890 Gasoline tractors were made in use

1850 each powerful farm made enough meals to supply 5 persons 1890 -could feed 15 people every

Problems: Excessive generation, leading to rates drop. Delivery rates elevated due to elevating demand

MINING

Gold and Silver

Bandits, directed for prospectors

Vigilante legislation was applied

COWBOYS (CATTLEMEN)

Beef require Chicago St . Louis Phila.

Farmlands were usually trampled by the cows

As Bed rails ways were developed the advantages of cowboys dwindled. By 90 Cowboy job came to an end. CITY TRANSFORMATION

Started to be more urbanized and created cities

Required workers

Immigrants were welcome

Urban Populace

1860 -1910 6 Million to 44 , 000, 000

1870 Immigrants migrated to America four hundred, 000 annually

1882 800, 000 per year

1885 The majority of came from north Europe and Britain

Overdue 1880s Southern, Eastern European countries and Latina America

Cities Population boosts

Year: 1870-1890 Population expansion

Minneapolis

13, 000 – 165, 000

Denver

5, 700-107, 000

New York

Above 2 million

Chicago and Philadelphia

Above 1 , 000, 000 each

Baltimore, Boston and St . John

Half a million each

Sanitation, Real estate, Water, Roads and Links were inadequate for the necessity of this large population. Immigrants made tenements and occupied dilapidated buildings Policing, Trash collection and Fire Safeguard couldn't satisfy city needs Widespread Data corruption was blamed on migrants

Voted pertaining to candidates in return for small favors

William Graham Summer The fittest affiliate adapt to the...

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